The statistics are sobering: approximately one in six men nationwide will develop prostate cancer. The prostate is a walnut-sized gland below the bladder which produces fluid that forms semen. Prostate cancer is the second-most common cancer affecting men throughout the U.S. and the second-leading cause of male cancer death.
However, when prostate cancer is detected early and treated appropriately, prostate cancer has a cure rate of greater than 90 percent
Prostate Cancer Symptoms, Risk Assessment, & Screening
Increased risk for prostate cancer has been linked to:
- Age — Two out of every three prostate cancer diagnoses are in men over age 65.
- Race — African-American men have a higher incidence of prostate cancer than do Caucasian men and are twice as likely to die from it.
- Family History — Having a first-degree relative (a father, brother, or son) with the disease doubles the risk.
- Diet — A diet high in red meat or fatty dairy products and low in vegetables and fruit appears to increase the risk of prostate cancer.
Although prostate cancer often displays no symptoms, some signs of prostate cancer symptoms can include: problems urinating, erectile dysfunction, and/or pain in the lower back, hips or upper thighs. These problems can also indicate the presence of other diseases, so it is important to see your CentraState physician to determine their nature and cause.
The standard approach to detecting prostate cancer symptoms is a screening that includes a digital rectal exam (DRE) and a PSA (prostate-specific antigen) blood test. The American Cancer Society recommends that doctors offer male patients annual screenings beginning at age 50, or at 45 for men at higher risk for prostate cancer.
As a community service, CentraState offers free prostate cancer screenings throughout the year. Check our health screening calendar for any upcoming events.