This is the most common form of arthritis, often occurring in the hands, hips, and knees. It involves wear-and-tear damage to the cartilage in joints. As the cartilage breaks down, it can cause damage to the bones. Common symptoms are pain, stiffness, swelling, and decreased mobility.
In this condition, the body’s immune system attacks the synovial membrane, which is the lining that covers a joint. The membrane becomes inflamed and swollen, which can cause cartilage and bone damage. This damage can result in pain, stiffness, and swelling and affect balance. Rheumatoid arthritis often affects the hand, wrist, and knee joints. It also can cause problems in organs like the lungs, heart, and eyes.
Lupus is an autoimmune condition causing inflammation that can affect many different parts of the body, including the joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, brain, heart, and lungs. The symptoms of lupus are different for everyone, but they can include fatigue, fever, joint pain and stiffness, a rash, and trouble breathing. The most common type of lupus is called systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
This type of arthritis affects some people with psoriasis, a condition in which the skin has red patches with silvery scales. Psoriatic arthritis can affect any part of your body. Symptoms can include joint pain, stiffness, and swelling, foot pain, lower back pain, and swollen fingers and toes.
The Arthritis and Rheumatology Center at CentraState also treats:
Ankylosing spondylitis – Inflammation from this condition mainly affects the spine, and over time can cause some of the spine’s vertebrae to grow together. This can result in poor posture and mobility as well as trouble breathing.
Gout – This common form of inflammatory arthritis causes sudden and severe attacks of pain, swelling, redness, and tenderness in a joint, commonly in the big toe joint. Gout happens when urate crystals build up in the joint. These crystals can form when you have high levels of uric acid in your blood.
Scleroderma – Scleroderma is a group of conditions in which the skin and connective tissues become hardened and tight. It can happen when there is too much collagen in the body. Sometimes scleroderma only affects the skin. In other cases, it can harm additional parts of the body, such as blood vessels, internal organs, and the digestive system.
Enteropathic arthritis or IBD-associated arthritis – This type of arthritis is associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis. In enteropathic arthritis, inflammation of the digestive tract is paired with inflammatory arthritis that affects the joints. About 10 to 20 percent of people with IBD have enteropathic arthritis.
Polymyalgia rheumatica – This inflammatory condition causes muscle pain and stiffness, particularly in the shoulders. It also can affect the neck, upper arms, buttocks, hips, and thighs. Symptoms are usually worse in the morning. Polymyalgia rheumatic is most common in women age 65 and older.
Lyme disease – Lyme disease is an infection caused by bacteria carried by certain ticks. Without early treatment, it can cause problems like severe joint pain and swelling, particularly in the knees. This is called Lyme arthritis. When Lyme disease is caught early, it can be treated with antibiotics.
Osteoporosis – In osteoporosis, bone tissue breaks down faster than it is replaced. This causes bones to become weak and brittle. As a result, fractures can happen easily, particularly in the hip, wrist, and spine. Osteoporosis is more common in women than in men.