The small-but-mighty endocrine system is quite the powerhouse, packed with the glands responsible for producing hormones that regulate important functions of your body, including sleep, metabolism, and growth.
These hormones affect every single part of your body. It’s vital to have a functional endocrine system, as hormone overproduction or underproduction by these glands can lead to serious health issues.
Here’s how certain glands power your body and everyday life.
Pineal Body: Located in the brain; produces melatonin, which helps with sleep
Hypothalamus: Located in the brain; regulates hunger, body temperature, thirst, and moods
Pituitary: Also in the brain; controls other glands in your body and produces hormones that affect growth, breastfeeding, and blood pressure
Parathyroid Glands: About the size of a grain of rice; located behind the thyroid and control your body’s calcium level, which affects how your bones, kidneys, and nervous system operate
Thyroid: Located at the base of the neck; produces hormones that affect your body’s temperature, heartbeat, and how well you burn calories
Pancreas: Creates insulin, a hormone that helps regulate your body’s blood sugar
Testes: Make testosterone, the sex hormone that affects growth, facial and body hair, and sperm production
Ovaries: Produce estrogen and progesterone, the sex hormones that affect the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and breast growth